Nutrition Health Review

FALL 2017

Nutrition Health Review provides consumers updates on the latest medical research, news, trends, and products in nutrition and healthy living.

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6 N u t r i t i o n H e a l t h Rev i ew exercise, several studies show yoga can provide relief for people with depression. 8 Studies were presented at the Annual ConvenƟon of the American Psychological AssociaƟon this past August that explored the anƟdepressant effects of yoga. One such study focused specifically on hatha yoga, a form of yoga that joins together physical, breathing, and meditaƟve exercises in order to enhance all-around wellbeing. The study recruited 23 male veterans to parƟcipate in twice-weekly yoga classes for eight weeks. AŌer the program had been completed and the researchers surveyed the veterans, those with previously elevated depression scores saw a reducƟon in their symptoms. In another study, researchers focused on Bikram yoga, or "hot yoga," which takes place in a heated room. This study observed 29 adults with depression aƩending Bikram yoga classes at least twice a week for eight weeks. ParƟcipants surveyed aŌer eight weeks displayed decreased symptoms of depression and improved quality of life, opƟmism, and cogniƟve and physical funcƟoning. The authors added that the more the parƟcipants aƩended the classes, the lower their depressive symptoms were at the end of the study. 8 VITAMINS AND SUPPLEMENTS Studies have shown that individuals struggling with mental health disorders display a severe deficiency in many essenƟal vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 faƩy acids, with faƩy acids being the most common deficiency. 3,9 PaƟents have shown improvements in their symptoms aŌer being provided with daily supplements of these vital nutrients. Specific supplements that have proved beneficial in the treatment of major depression include tryptophan, tyrosine, gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), omega-3 supplements, vitamin B, magnesium, and S-adenosyl methionine (SAM). 10 If you are dealing with depression or suspect you are experiencing depression, talk with your doctor before aƩempƟng to treat yourself with any of these over-the-counter supplements. REFERENCES 1. What causes depression? April 11, 2017. Harvard Health. hƩps://www.health.harvard. edu/mind-and-mood/what-causes-depression. Accessed Dec 12 2017. 2. American Psychiatric AssociaƟon. The DiagnosƟc and StaƟsƟcal Manual of Mental Health Disorders, FiŌh EdiƟon. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.;2013. 3. Parekh R. What is depression? January 2017. American Psychiatric AssociaƟon. hƩps://www.psychiatry.org/ paƟents-families/depression/what-is-depression. Accessed Dec 12 2017. 4. Knuppel A, et al. Sugar intake from sweet food and beverages, common mental disorder and depression: prospecƟve findings from the Whitehall II study. Sci Rep. 2017 Jul 27;7(1):6287. 5. Harvey SB, et al. Exercise and the PrevenƟon of Depression: Results of the HUNT Cohort Study. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2017;1. 6. McNeil JK, LeBlanc EM, Joyner M. The effect of exercise on depressive symptoms in the moderately depressed elderly. Psychol Aging. 1991 Sep;6(3):487–8. 7. DiLorenzo TM, et al. Long-term effects of aerobic exercise on psychological outcomes. Prev Med. 1999 Jan;28(1):75–85. 8. American Psychological AssociaƟon. Yoga effecƟve at reducing symptoms of depression. ScienceDaily. August 2017. www.sciencedaily.com/ releases/2017/08/170803152917.htm. Accessed Dec 12, 2017. 9. American Psychological AssociaƟon. Stress in America: Coping with Change. Feburary 2017. hƩps://www.apa.org/ news/press/releases/stress/2017/technology-social-media. PDF. Accessed Dec 12 2017. 10. Lakhan SE, Vieria K. NutriƟonal therapies for mental disorders. NutriƟon Journal. 2008;7:2. Centers for Disease Control: Signs and Symptoms of AuƟsm A ccording to the Centers for Disease Control and PrevenƟon (CDC), while there is more than one cause of auƟsm spectrum disorder (ASD), most of the causes are sƟll unknown. There is a wide variety of potenƟal symptoms that someone with ASD might display, such as a lack of interest in other people and high sensiƟvity to sound. ASD, which now comprises auƟsƟc disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, and Asperger syndrome, oŌen begins before the age of 3 and will last a whole lifeƟme. The CDC says that symptoms could begin as early the first few months of a child's life. The organizaƟon also lists a variety of potenƟal symptoms, such as, "not responding to their name by 12 months of age, not playing 'pretend' games by 18 months, and geƫng upset by minor changes." While most people with ASD have difficulƟes with social skills, their ability to effecƟvely communicate and speak differs greatly depending on the person. Other symptoms, such as hyperacƟvity, aggression, and temper tantrums, also could be signs of ASD. Source: hƩps://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/auƟsm/signs.html

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