Nutrition Health Review

FALL 2017

Nutrition Health Review provides consumers updates on the latest medical research, news, trends, and products in nutrition and healthy living.

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4 N u t r i t i o n H e a l t h Rev i ew • Loss of energy and increased faƟgue • Increase in "purposeless acƟvity" (e.g., hand-wringing, pacing) or slowed movements and speech • Persistent feelings of worthlessness or guilt • Difficult thinking, concentraƟng, and/or making decisions • Suicidal ideaƟon or thoughts of death TREATMENT If you are diagnosed with depression, the good news is there are plenty of treatment opƟons available, and 80 to 90 percent of people with MDD eventually respond well to treatment. The American Psychiatry AssociaƟon 2–3 says that depression is among the most treatable mental disorders. Currently, standard treatment opƟons for depression include medicaƟon, psychotherapy, and, for more severe and treatment-resistant MDD, electroconvulsive therapies. MedicaƟon. EvaluaƟon by a qualified doctor will determine if a person with depression is a good candidate for medicaƟon. Whether an individual will benefit from medicaƟon will be based, at least iniƟally, on whether the individual's depression is due to a life change (e.g., bereavement, loss of job) or a more long-term chemical imbalance in the brain. Life changes that cause depression usually (but not always) will resolve with Ɵme. However, if depressive symptoms are ongoing, it likely is due to an imbalance of certain chemicals in the brain. In these cases, a psychiatrist or other healthcare professional qualified to treat depression will prescribe an anƟdepressant—medicine that is neither a sedaƟve nor a sƟmulant and is not habit forming. Then, the paƟent and psychiatrist will work together to monitor symptoms and side effects over the course of weeks and months, in order to pinpoint the best anƟdepressant type and dosage for the paƟent. For more informaƟon on the types of medicaƟon oŌen prescribed for depression, visit www.mayoclinic. org and type "anƟdepressants" in the site's search window Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, otherwise known as "talk therapy," can be used alone as a treatment for mild depression, and is usually used in conjuncƟon with anƟdepressants in cases of moderate-to-severe depression. During psychotherapy, therapists commonly uƟlize cogniƟve behavior therapy (CBT), a method that helps their paƟents recognize the distorted thinking characterisƟc of depression and develop strategies to change this thinking. For more informaƟon on the different types of psychotherapy used to treat depression, visit www.apa.org and type "psychotherapy for depression" in the site's search window. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT). ECT is a treatment that has been used since the 1940s, but major improvements to the treatment have been made since then. This treatment is another opƟon for paƟents with severe depression or bipolar disorder who are considered "treatment-resistant" (i.e., have not responded to medicaƟon or psychotherapy). The process involves brief electrical sƟmulaƟon of the brain while the paƟent is under anesthesia, and these treatments occur 2 to 3 Ɵmes weekly for up to 12 treatments. For more informaƟon on ECT, visit hƩps://www.psychiatry.org/ paƟents-families/ect. THE EFFECTS OF DIET AND EXERCISE ON DEPRESSION Sugar and depression. Sugar is commonly known as an enemy to our waistlines, but could sweets be damaging to our mental health as well? Science suggests so. In a recent study published in ScienƟfc Reports, researchers analyzed data from observaƟons on 25,000 men Researchers analyzed data from 25,000 men and found that men who consumed more than 67 grams of added sugar daily were 23-percent more likely to develop anxiety, depression, or another mental disorder after five years.

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