Nutrition Health Review

FALL 2017

Nutrition Health Review provides consumers updates on the latest medical research, news, trends, and products in nutrition and healthy living.

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20 N u t r i t i o n H e a l t h Rev i ew The Effects of Exercise on Parkinson's Disease A review of published in Lancet Neurology in 2013 sought to highlight the potenƟal role of exercise in promoƟng neuroplasƟcity and repair in Parkinson's disease. Specific exercises recommended for people with Parkinson's disease include goal-based motor skill training in order to engage cogniƟve circuitry that is essenƟal to motor learning. This style of exercise can help people with Parkinson's maintain control of movements and motor skills that are threatened by the disease. In addiƟon, the ability of cardiovascular exercise to increase neuroplasƟcity holds true for those with Parkinson's and is recommended as an essenƟal facet of the exercise approach. Studies on exercise and Parkinson's have shown success in paƟents parƟcipaƟng in exercises such as low- and high-intensity treadmill training, Tai Chi, tango dancing, boxing, and cycling. People with Parkinson's should speak to their doctor and a physical therapist in order to create an exercise plan that is opƟmal and safe for their individual condiƟon. Source: Petzinger GM. Exercise-enhanced neuroplasƟcity targeƟng motor and cogniƟve circuitry in Parkinson's disease. Lancet Neurol. 2013 Jul;12(7):716–26. What is Parkinson's Disease? P arkinson's disease is a motor system disorder caused by a loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. This loss results in trembling of the hands, arms, legs, jaw, and face—known as tremors—postural instability, impaired balance and coordinaƟon, and slowness of movement. Parkinson's most commonly affects people over the age of 60. The disease generally progresses slowly over Ɵme, but some cases progress more quickly than others. Sources: 1) Parkinson's Disease InformaƟon Page. NaƟonal InsƟtute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. hƩps://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/ All-Disorders/Parkinsons-Disease-InformaƟon-Page. Accessed Dec 12, 2017; 2) Dr. Chauncey Spears. 10 Early Signs of Parkinson's Disease. Parkinson's FoundaƟon. hƩp://www.parkinson.org/understanding-parkinsons/10-early- warning-signs. Accessed Dec 12, 2017. Signs of Parkinson's Disease • Slight shaking or tremor in the fingers, thumb, hands, or chin • Decreased size of handwriƟng, called micrographia • Loss of smell • Thrashing in bed or acƟng your dreams when deeply asleep • Newfound sƟffness in the body, especially when walking • ConsƟpaƟon • A soŌened or low voice • A "masked face," or a look of seriousness or anger even when you're not in a bad mood Understanding Neurological Disorders: Parkinson's Disease and MulƟple Sclerosis

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