Nutrition Health Review

Summer 2017

Nutrition Health Review provides consumers updates on the latest medical research, news, trends, and products in nutrition and healthy living.

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Summer 2017 • Volume 116 21 l ines around lips); baggy eyelids; and slack jawline. Beyond the cosmetic, there are also many other serious effects that smoking has on the skin, as excerpted below from Dr. Godfrey's article: Impaired wound healing. Smoking delays wound healing, including skin injuries and surgical wounds. It increases the risk of wound infection, graft or flap failure, death of tissue, and blood clot formation. The reasons for this are unclear but involve lack of oxygen reaching skin cells, delayed migration of keratinocytes, decreased collagen synthesis, and also delayed growth of new blood vessels within the wound. ulcers. Smoking contributes to the development and persistence of leg ulcers, particularly arterial ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, and calciphylaxis. This is because smoking reduces blood flow and thus increases the likelihood of skin breakdown in areas that already have poor perfusion, such as in the lower leg in smokers. skin cancer. Smoking cigarettes doubles the risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma, compared to non- smokers. There is also an increased risk of oral leukoplakia (pre-cancer) and oral cancer; 75 percent of cases of oral cancer and lip cancer occur in smokers. Psoriasis. Research suggests that smokers tend to have more extensive and severe psoriasis than those that do not. Patients with chronic plaque psoriasis appear to smoke more than patients without psoriasis (although this is possibly linked to the stress associated with the disease). Peripheral vascular diseases. Nicotine causes vasoconstriction as well as hypercoagulability, increasing the chance of blood clots occluding blood vessels. Smoking can therefore aggravate or initiate chilblains (painful, itchy swelling of the skin), frostbite, primary or secondary Raynaud's disease, ulceration in patients with systemic sclerosis, and Buerger's disease. To access the complete article, visit ng-s-effects-on-the-skin. NHR staycation: Tips on Having a Relaxing, Fun Vacation at Home by Julia e. eckert h ave a week off from work? There's no reason to skip town in order to relax. A "staycation" affords you all the time to do things in your hometown that you normally might not think of doing. Here are some tips for creating a fantastic staycation: 1. spend a day walking around a local farmer's market. Modern grocery store trips, for most people, consist of getting in and out of the market as quickly as possible. With nowhere to be and no schedule to adhere to, your staycation allows some room for wandering. Take a leisurely stroll through your local farmer's market, enjoying sights and smells of all that fresh produce and meat—farmer's markets usually have so much more to offer than the weekly staples we mindlessly grab during our weekly trips to the grocery store. 2. Visit a local thrift shop. Thrift and antique shops can offer a plethora of entertaining merchandise, but be prepared to take your time browsing the stores. Most thrift shops and antique stores aren't as meticulously organized as the shops at the mall, but they always offer intriguing items that are fun to peruse. 3. Read. When was the last time you had time to lounge about reading a good book? Take advantage of your down time by visiting your local library to find an old favorite or a new bestseller and get yourself to a park (or deck chair, sofa, or bed), and lose yourself for a few hours. Let that imagination run free! 4. Get out in nature. You don't have to travel to the great national parks to enjoy some time outside; there's plenty of fun to be had outdoors, no matter where you live. Check out the local lake or river parks to go swimming or kayaking, plan a picnic, or go hiking or biking on a local trail. 5. take a new fitness class. Trying a fitness class on a Tuesday morning when you have to be at work an hour afterward can make for a dizzying morning. While you're off from work, try that new yoga class you've been considering, and decide if it will fit into your daily routine, or meet with a personal trainer at the gym to set goals and make a workout plan that works with your busy schedule. Bonus hint: No matter what you decide to do, make your staycation feel as scrapbook-worthy as your next trip to Europe or the Grand Canyon by taking a lot of pictures! You'll be able to look back and appreciate the fun, relaxing, and inexpensive week you spent enjoying yourself at home. NHR

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