Nutrition Health Review

Summer 2017

Nutrition Health Review provides consumers updates on the latest medical research, news, trends, and products in nutrition and healthy living.

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Summer 2017 • Volume 116 17 Lay the skewers across the oven rack, placed at the top of your oven, so that each strip falls between the rack and hangs beneath it. Turn the oven on to 200 degrees, with the oven cracked open about an inch. Leave in the oven for 6–10 hours, checking occasionally. Remove when strips are hard to the touch. SOURCE: NUTRITION FACTS Calories 59; Total Fat 0.9g; Cholesterol 24mg; Sodium 866mg; Potassium 171mg; Total Carb 2.4g; Dietary Fiber 0.3g; Sugars 2g Protein 9.7g; Vitamin A 1%; Vitamin C 5%; Iron 5% CRIsPY ROAsted ChICK PeAs About 15 servings (2oz per serving) INgREDIENTS 2 15-ounce Cans chickpeas 2 tbsp Olive oil 1/2 tsp Salt 2 to 4 tsp of Spices or finely chopped fresh herbs, like chili powder, curry powder, garam masala, cumin, smoked paprika, rosemary, thyme, or other favorite spices and herbs DIRECTIONS Heat the oven to 400°F: Place an oven rack in the middle of the oven. Rinse and drain the chickpeas. Pat the chickpeas very dry with a clean dishtowel or paper towels. Toss the chickpeas with olive oil and salt. Spread the chickpeas out in an even layer on the baking sheet. Roast the chickpeas in the oven for 20 to 30 minutes: Stir the chickpeas or shake the pan every 10 minutes. A few chickpeas may pop – that's normal. The chickpeas are done when golden and slightly darkened, dry and crispy on the outside, and soft in the middle. Toss the chickpeas with the spices. Serve while the chickpeas are still warm and crispy. SOURCE: NUTRITION FACTS Calories 222; Total Fat 5.3g; Cholesterol 0mg; Sodium 91mg; Potassium 496mg; Total Carb 34.4g; Dietary Fiber 9.9g; Sugars 6.1g; Protein 10.9g; Vitamin A 1%; Vitamin C 4%; Calcium 5%; Iron 20% NHR * snacks, continued from p15 What's On Your skin? Archaea, that's What! by nhR staff I t turns out your skin is crawling with single-celled microorganisms—and they're not just bacteria. A study by the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the Medical University of Graz has found that the skin microbiome also contains Archaea, a type of extreme-loving microbe, and that the amount of it varies with age. The researchers conducted both genetic and chemical analyses of samples collected from human volunteers ranging in age from 1 to 75 years. They found that Archaea (pronounced ar-KEY-uh) were most abundant in subjects younger than 12 and older than 60. Their study has been published in Scientific Reports in an article titled, "Human age and skin physiology shape diversity and abundance of Archaea on skin." In addition to the influence of age, the researchers found that sex was not a factor but that people with dry skin have more archaea. "Archaea might be important for the cleanup process under dry skin conditions," said one of the investigators. The study linked lower levels of sebum (the oily secretion of sebaceous glands), and thus reduced skin moisture, with an increase of Archaea. Their study focused on Thaumarchaeota, one of the many phyla of Archaea, which is known as an ammonia- oxidizing microorganism. Because ammonia is a major component of sweat, Archaea might play a role in nitrogen turnover and skin health. The team also correlated archaeal abundance with skin dryness, as middle-aged persons have higher sebum levels and thus moister skin than the elderly. So far, most Archaea are known to be beneficial rather than harmful to human health. They might be important for reducing skin pH or keeping it at low levels, and lower pH is associated with lower susceptibility to infections. SOURCE: DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. What's on your skin? Archaea, that's what: Study on human skin microbiome finds archaea abundance associated with age. ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 June 2017. 170628172149.htm. Accessed September 1, 2017. NHR

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